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From The Beginning  

A World Of Space & Time

January 1, 1401 — December 31, 1500


— dave.

1492 — Christopher Columbus
Discovers The New World.



n — lindazacks.

A is for everything


— the/written/word/the/printing/press


— stargazers/seeing/the/light/shadow/dimension/color



— !

Sir Isaac Newton (1705)

the art of time

At the beginning of recorded time (History)In Europe, the 15th century includes parts of the Late Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the early modern period. Many technological, social and cultural developments of the 15th century can in retrospect be seen as heralding the “European miracle” of the following centuries. The architectural perspective, and the modern fields which are known today as banking and accounting were founded in ItalyConstantinople, known as the Capital of the World and the Capital of the Byzantine Empire (today’s Turkey), fell to the emerging Muslim Ottoman Turks, marking the end of the tremendously influential Byzantine Empire and, for some historians, the end of the Middle Ages. This led to the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy, while Johannes Gutenberg‘s invention of the mechanical movable type began the printing press. These two events played key roles in the development of the Renaissance.  The Roman Papacy was split in two parts in Europe for decades (the so-called Western Schism), until the Council of Constance. The division of the Catholic Church and the unrest associated with the Hussite movement would become factors in the rise of the Protestant Reformation in the following century. Islamic Spain (Al-Andalus) became dissolved through the Christian Reconquista, followed by the forced conversions and the Muslim rebellion, ending over seven centuries of Islamic rule and returning Spain, Portugal and Southern France to Christian rulers. The search for the wealth and prosperity of India’s Bengal Sultanate led to the colonization of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and the Portuguese voyages by Vasco da Gama, which linked Europe with the Indian subcontinent, ushering the period of Iberian empires. The Hundred Years’ War ended with a decisive French victory over the English in the Battle of Castillon. Financial troubles in England following the conflict resulted in the Wars of the Roses, a series of dynastic wars for the throne of England. The conflicts ended with the defeat of Richard III by Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth Field, establishing the Tudor dynasty in the later part of the century.


In Asia, the Timurid Empire collapsed, and the Afghan Pashtun Lodi dynasty was founded under the Delhi Sultanate. Under the rule of the Yongle Emperor, who built the Forbidden City and commanded Zheng He to explore the world overseas, the Ming Dynasty‘s territory reached its pinnacle.

In Africa, the spread of Islam lead to the destruction of the Christian kingdoms of Nubia, by the end of the century, leaving only Alodia (which was to collapse in 1504). The formerly vast Mali Empire teetered on the brink of collapse, under pressure from the rising Songhai Empire.

In the Americas, both the Inca Empire and the Aztec Empire reached the peak of their influence, but the European colonization of the Americas changed the course of modern history.

Filippo Brunelleschi, regarded as one of the greatest engineers and architects of all time.

Joan of Arc, a French peasant girl, directly influenced the result of the Hundred Years’ War.

— 9/11 —

Time’s Up
In The Post-Apocalyptic Area

“Flying” b/ Living Colour
In the days immediately following 911, Vernon wrote this song, painting a vivid picture of the day as he remembered it being burned into his mind.


— French Television

“Spiderman” (2002)
The first trailer (with the Twin Towers) was withdrawn after 911.
“Release The Pressure” (December 28, 2001)
Living Colour @ The (Orlando) House Of Blues



b/ Ani DiFrancoSo Much Shouting, So Much Laughter (2003)



2022 — How Near The End.
James Webb Telescope



1401Dilawar Khan establishes the Malwa Sultanate in present-day central India.






The renaissance king Matthias Corvinus of Hungary. His mercenary standing army (the Black Army) had the strongest military potential of its era.



Depiction of Skanderbeg, who led the Albanian resistance against the Ottoman Empire


Modern painting of Mehmed II marching on Constantinople in 1453

Detail of The Emperor’s Approach showing the Xuande Emperor‘s royal carriage. Ming Dynastyof China.

King Henry VII, (1457–1509), the founder of the royal house of Tudor


The seventeen Kuchkabals of Yucatán after The League of Mayapan in 1461.

The Siege of Rhodes (1480).

Ships of the Hospitaliers in the forefront, and Turkish camp in the background.




  • 1492: The death of Sunni Ali Ber left a leadership void in the Songhai Empire, and his son was soon dethroned by Mamadou Toure who ascended the throne in 1493 under the name Askia (meaning “general”) Muhammad. Askia Muhammad made Songhai the largest empire in the history of West Africa. The empire went into decline, however, after 1528, when the now-blind Askia Muhammad was dethroned by his son, Askia Musa.
  • 1492Boabdil‘s surrender of Granada marks the end of the Spanish Reconquista and Al-Andalus.



The Impact Of The Lens

Inventions, Discoveries, Introductions
Science and inventions of Leonardo da Vinci
Johannes Gutenberg