WORLD AGE (1619-1859)


[ World ]


Pluto is a Planet Worth Saving.
Joe Satriani
Not of This Earth 
((( drive on )))

English Thirteen Colonies (1600)

1620Mayflower, Plymouth Rock (English Aristocracy)
1681 — The Red Violin
1692 Witch Hunt In Salem
African American Time
1619 — Beyond The Beginning

November 21, 1620 — The Mayflower was an English ship that sailed a group of English families (Pilgrims) from England to the New World. (O.S. November 11).

After ten weeks at sea, Mayflower, with 130 passengers and crew, reached what would later be called “New England,” dropping anchor near the tip of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. 

“In The Skies
Peter Green
In The Skies

1977 — Fleetwood Mac
((( song )))

Fleetwood Mac

1700s American Revolution, Two Benjamins, Benjamin Franklin (All American), Benjamin Banneker (Out of Africa) African slave trade, Guinea, Liberia, Mali Empire.

1800sHuman Trafficking, Slavery was abolished (Abolition) in much of Europe and the Americas. First Industrial Revolution, though it began in the late 18th century, expanding beyond its British homeland for the first time during this century, particularly remaking the economies and societies of the Low Countries, the RhinelandNorthern Italy, and the Northeastern United States. A few decades later, the Second Industrial Revolution led to ever more massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit, and prosperity, a pattern that continued into the 20th century.

“Get On The Boat”
((( song )))

— La Amistad (1839)
Steven Spielberg Movie (1997)

“Get On The Boat”
1809Robert Fulton patents the steamboat in the United States. James Madison is inaugurated as the fourth President of the United States. Napoleonic Wars – Battle of the Basque Roads, A new theatre for the Royal Opera House opens in London to replace the first that had burned down in a 1808 fire. The price increases lead to the Old Price Riots, which last for 64 days. October 11 – Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder’s Stand. December 30 – Wearing masks at New Year’s Eve balls is forbidden in Boston, Massachsetts.
“Banned In Boston”
1819 — The Panic of 1819, Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia.March 1 – U.S. naval vessel USS Columbus is launched in Washington, D.C. July  22 – The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia, on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean, although only a fraction of the trip will be made under steam. The ship arrives at Liverpool, England, nearly a month later, on June 20.
July 1, 1819 —  Great Comet of 1819. Discovered by German Astronomer Johann Georg Tralles.
The city of Memphis, Tennessee, is founded. Alabama is admitted as the 22nd U.S. state.

Denis Johnson invents the kick scooter. The city of Fernandina de Jagua (later Cienfuegos) is founded in Cuba. A British Arctic expedition under William Parry, comprising HMS Hecla and HMS Griper, reaches longitude 112°51′ W in the Northwest Passage, the furthest west which will be attained by any single-season voyage for 150 years. The African Slave Trade Patrol is founded, to stop the slave trade on the coast of West Africa. The new astronomical observatory of Capodimonte in Naples starts operating. The astronomer Carlo Brioschi made the first observation by measuring the position of ⍺ Cassiopeiae.>April 6June 21 – French slave ship Le Rodeur sails from Bonny in West Africa to Guadeloupe in the West Indies; in the course of the transatlantic voyage many onboard become blind, and thirty slaves are thrown overboard as a consequence.

1820s —
1829 —  Felix Mendelssohn conducts the first performance of Johann Sebastian Bach‘s St Matthew Passion London performance of his concert overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and his trip to Fingal’s Cave. The Philadelphia Inquirer
June 5 – Slave tradeHMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba. June 10 – The Oxford University Boat Club wins the first inter-university Boat Race,[3] rowed at Henley-on-Thames. June 19 – Robert Peel establishes the Metropolitan Police Service in London, the first modern police force. The first officers, known by the nickname “bobbies”, go on patrol on September 29. The first modern hotel in the United States, Tremont House (Boston), opens. The patent for an instrument called the accordion is applied for by Cyrill Demian (officially approved on May 23)  Finsteraarhorn, the highest summit of the Bernese Alps, is first ascended.The Boston Morning Post first records the use of “O.K.” (oll korrect).
1839 — Amistad

January 2 – The first photograph of the Moon is taken, by French photographer Louis Daguerre. January 6 – Night of the Big Wind: Ireland is struck by the most damaging cyclone in 300 years. January 9 – The French Academy of Sciences announces the daguerreotype photography process. Galveston, Chatanooga, December 6 – The Whig Party (United States), at its first ever national convention, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, nominates former U.S. Army General William Henry Harrison to be its candidate for President of the United States in the 1840 election In the United States, the first state law permitting women to own property is passed in Jackson, Mississippi. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, backed by the Russian Empire and the Austrian Empire, compels July Monarchy France to abandon Muhammad Ali of Egypt, and forces him to return Syria and Arabia to the Ottoman Empire. Tanzimat starts in the Ottoman Empire. Emperor Minh Mạng renames Việt Nam to Đại Nam.
Michael Faraday publishes “Experimental Researches in Electricity”, clarifying the true nature of electricity. Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber. An archaeological excavation on Copán begins.
1849 — Gold Rush Fever
San Francisco (’49ers)

Cross That River
1850 — Allan Harris tells the story of Blue, a slave on a Louisiana cotton plantation who makes a death-defying escape, across the Red River, and into Texas, where he worked as a “Black Cowboy.” Louisiana Slave named Blue.
Blue Was Angry, Louisiana Cotton Plantation, Escape across the Red River, Free and Equal cowboys on the Chisolm Trail. Black Cowboys.
1860sJules Verne / Carl Sagan (The Dreamers)
1860-1864 — Civil War
1865-1877 — Post Civil War, Reconstruction
Juneteenth (Emancipation)

June 19, 1865 — The Day (Union) Major General Gordon Granger issued the General Order No. 3, proclaiming freedom for slaves in Texas.
Idea Man

— yZ.

1869 The Idea Man
1870s — Thomas Edison made his first impression with what would become the Telephone. He improved the Telegraph (system) by making it possible to hear another’s voice across a long distance.
The Woman’s Word
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Helen Reddy  — “I Am Woman

((( song )))

— Graphica Artis/Getty Images

“Mary Had A Little Lamb
Stevie Ray Vaughan
Texas Flood 

1983 — The first song ever recorded, by Thomas A. Edison on his first phonograph.
((( original song )))

1879 — Phonograph: Thomas Edison 
Nursey Rhymes — Bernie Worrell, Rufus Thomas
[1880s] Gilded Age (1877-1896)



1889 — Newport to Palm Beach
[1890s] — Margarita Pizza Naples, Italy (1889)

Florida, Henry Morrison Flagler, Palm Beach, Florida (Babylon), Florida East Coast Railroad, John D. Rockefeller (Standard Oil Partners), Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, and Thomas Edison at the Ormond Hotel. Ormond Beach (Turn of the Century) racing, Spanish American War

Slavery (1890)

1895 Building on techniques physicists were using to study electromagnetic waves, Guglielmo Marconi developed the first apparatus for long-distance radio communication. December 23, 1900, the Canadian inventor Reginald A. Fessenden became the first person to send audio (wireless telephony) by means of electromagnetic waves, successfully transmitting over a distance of about a mile (1.6 kilometers,) and six years later, on

Christmas Eve 1906, Fessenden became the first person to make a public, wireless broadcast.

“Light In The Black”
Ritchie Blackmore (Rainbow)
Rainbow Rising 
((( song )))

1899 — Electric Light: (Bulb) 

United States History (1900–1929)
United States History (1918–1945)

Into The Light — [ 20th Century ]

— “Coon, Coon, Coon”


— Wright Brothers (Kitty Hawk, NC)

1909 — New Orleans, Louisiana
Prostitution and Jazz. Birth of the Underground. At the Nautical Crossroads. Caribbean, Haitian, Cuban, Mississippi’s Mouth, Gulf of Mexico, Central America, Panama (Canal), and All of South America, as the Spanish had Centuries before.

“Queen of Spades”
Black Bottom Stomp
Jelly Roll Morton
New Orleans, Louisiana
((( song )))

— yZ.

1910s — New Orleans, Storyville, Louis Armstrong

You’re A Fine Girl.
Looking Glass
((( song )))

— Storyville, New Orleans

“New Orleans Blues”
They Call it The Land Of Dreams.
Lonnie Johnson
w/ Louis Armstrong’s Hot Five (1920s)
((( song )))

1913Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) 28th President, Birth Of A Nation (Movie)

1918WWI, Mata Hari
1919 — Just Say No. 

Prohibition (18th Amendment), Woodrow Wilson (D) NJ, “Birth of A Nation” (KKK), Edsel Ford succeeds his father as president of Ford Motor Company, First State Gas Tax (1-cent) Oregon, Grand Canyon named National Park, The American Legion forms in Paris, United States Anarchist Bombings, Boston Molasses Disaster,  Red Summer. Three Black Men killed in Charleston, S.C. riot, UCLA, The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I., Pancho Villa, Algonquin Round Table led by Alexander Woollcott first meets at the Algonquin Hotel in New York City, SuffrageChicago Race Riot of 1919, Goodyear dirigible burns over downtown Chicago, Green Bay Packers, Communist Labor Party of America, Florida Keys Hurricane (September 15) kills 600, Omaha Riot: A lynch mob besieges the police station and courthouse in Omaha, Nebraska, and lynches alleged rapist Will Brown. Black Sox Scandal, Elaine Race RiotRipley’s Believe It or Not!, Felix the Cat, Red Scare, Babe Ruth is sold by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, .the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. The deal is announced on January 6, 1920 and begins the 84-year-long Curse of the Bambino.

1920Warren G. Harding, (first election women have the right to vote) The New York Times ridicules the American rocket scientist Robert H. Goddard. (Decades later, on July 17, 1969 as the Apollo 11 crew head to the Moon, the newspaper will retract this editorial.) Thousands of onlookers watch as “The Human Fly” George Polley climbs New York City’s Woolworth Building. Howard University, American Civil Liberties Union, League of Nations, League of Women Voters, The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana. 1920 Duluth lynchings,  Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan Building in New York City. First domestic radio sets Westinghouse radio costs $10. Black Cross Nurses. Harlem Renaissance (History Channel)

Ziegfeld’s Girls
“Moon Over Miami”
Ray Charles
1960 —
((( song )))

— dave.


Prohibition, Banana Wars‎, American modernism, Black Renaissance in D.C.Renaissance Ballroom & Casino, Speakeasy, Harlem Renaissance, Coal Wars, List of covers of Time magazine (1920s) Teapot Dome scandal. 1920s NAMES, 1920s MUSIC
1921Tulsa Race Massacre

Josephine Baker




Mucozo & Ortiz (Murphree Hall, University of Florida)

1929 — Calvin Coolidge, Stock Market Crash, Al Capone (St. Valentines Day Massacre), Inaugural Academy Awards, Monaco Grand Prix.
Harlem Renaissance,  Great Depression in the United States‎ American modernism   Golden Age of Comic Books,  Golden Age of Roller Skating, List of covers of Time magazine (1930s), 1930s in American music‎  1930s in American cinema, Public Works Administration‎, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1930s in American television, Works Progress Administration (WPA),

[1930s Music] 
1936 — DUST BOWL



b/ Arthur Rothstein.

Dust Bowl Cimarron County, Oklahoma

1936 — A farmer and his two sons during a dust storm in Cimarron County, Oklahoma, (April 1936). 

1939 “Harlem Nocturne,b/ Earle Hagen (music) and Dick Rogers (lyrics), first recorded by the Ray Noble Orchestra (1940).


Strange Fruit” (78) by Billie Holiday and Her Orchestra, published by Commodore Music Shop, 136 East 42nd Street, New York City.


[1940s] — 

1941 Pearl Harbor, WWII


— Iwo Jima / Atomic Bomb

1945 “American Gothic”
b/ Gordon Parks

Gordon Parks

1949 Harry S. Truman, Kashmir, VW, David Ben-Gurion  (Israel Prime Minister),  Arthur Miller‘s (Death of a Salesman), Ezra Pound, Lucky Lady II (B-50 Superfortress), piloted by Captain James Gallagher, makes the first non-stop around-the-world flight, lands in Fort Worth, Texas (March 2, 1949), WTVJ signs on the air in Miami, Florida’s first television station. English astronomer Fred Hoyle coins the term Big Bang (intending it to be derogatory) during a BBC Third Programme radio broadcast. NATORodgers and Hammerstein‘s South Pacific, Nereid, a moon of Neptune, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper., Rainier III becomes Prince of Monaco, Soviet’s Berlin Blockade is lifted. Second Red Scare, George Orwell (Nineteen Eighty-Four) published in London.

June 14, 1949Albert II, a rhesus monkey, is the first primate to reach outer space, aboard a U.S. Hermes V-2 rocket, (Blossom IVB), but is killed on impact/landing. 

June 19, 1949 — Glenn Dunaway wins the Inaugural NASCAR Cup Series race at Charlotte Speedway, a 3/4 mile oval in Charlotte, North Carolina, but is disqualified due to illegal springs.

June 29, 1949Apartheid: The South African Citizenship Act suspends citizenship to Commonwealth of Nations immigrants after 5 years, and imposes a ban on mixed marriages. Hopalong Cassidy, airs on NBC,

The de Havilland Comet, the world’s first jet-powered airliner, makes its first flight in England. Captain Kerans of HMS Amethyst decides to make a break after nightfall, under heavy fire from the Chinese People’s Liberation Army on both sides of the Yangtze River, and successfully rejoins the fleet at Woosung the next day. National Basketball League finalize the merger that will create the NBA. Soviet Union tests its first Atomic Bomb (“Joe 1“). Its design imitates the American plutonium bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945. Howard Unruh, a World War II veteran, kills 13 neighbors in Camden, New Jersey with a souvenir Parabellum P.08 pistol, to become America’s first single-episode mass murderer. Warner Bros. cartoon, Fast and Furry-ous is released … also Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner. The director is Chuck Jones (credited as Charles M. Jones), Billy Graham starts his Los Angeles CrusadeTokyo Rose guilty of broadcasting Japanese propaganda throughout WWII. People’s Republic of China is officially proclaimed.

October 24, 1949 — Cornerstone of the Headquarters of the United Nations on is laid (Manhattan, NYC). Manhattan Project