[ LOOK TO SEE ]
New York City had become the center of the global universe, welcoming all who came, hoping to find a better life. Henry Morrison Flagler and his friends were living the best of lives, as life entered the 20th Century. Packed up the train, and moved to Mi-a-mi.
Friends in High (Society) Places.
Thomas A. Edison
The Wright Brothers
Learning to Fly
Before walking on the moon, man had to first get off the ground.
compiled b/ The Henry M. Morrison Flagler Museum.
Henry Morrison Flagler
1830 — b. Jan. 2
Hopewell, New York
1852 – D. M. Harkness and Company, partners with half brother Dan Harkness.
1853 – Married Mary Harkness, Nov. 9.
1855 – First child, Jennie Louise, born March 18.
1858 – Second child, Carrie, born June 18.
1859 – Became acquainted with John. D. Rockefeller, a commission agent with Hewitt and Tuttle for the Harkness grain company.
1861 – Daughter Carrie dies at age 3.
1862 – With brother-in-law Barney York, founded Flagler and York Salt Company, a salt mining and production business, in Saginaw, Mich.
1865 – The Civil War ends, causing a drop in the demand for salt. Flagler and York Salt Company collapses, leaving Flagler in heavy debt.
1866 – Moves to Cleveland, Ohio and reenters the grain business as a commission merchant.
1867 – Needing capital for his nascent oil business, J. D. Rockefeller approaches Flagler, who obtains $100,000 from Steven Harkness, half-brother of Dan Harkness. Rockefeller, Andrews and Flagler form partnership with Flagler in control of Harkness’ interest.
1870 – On Jan. 10, Rockefeller, Andrews and Flagler create a joint-stock corporation named Standard Oil. Son, Harry Harkness, born Dec. 2.
1872 – Standard Oil leads the American oil refining industry in production
1877 – Standard Oil moves headquarters to New York City, where Flaglers relocate.
1878 – Upon advice from Mary’s physician, Flagler and his wife visit Jacksonville for the winter.
1881 – Mary Harkness Flagler dies at 47 on May 18.
1883 – Flagler marries Ida Alice Shourds. They travel to St. Augustine, where Flagler finds hotel facilities and transportation systems inadequate.
1885 – Returns to St. Augustine; begins construction on the 540-room Hotel Ponce de Leon. Purchases the Jacksonville, St. Augustine & Halifax Railroad.
1888 – Hotel Ponce de Leon opens Jan. 10 as an instant success.
1889 – Daughter Jennie Louise dies following complications of childbirth.
1890 – Builds railroad bridge across the St. Johns River to gain access to southern half of state. Purchases the Ormond Beach Hotel in Ormond Beach.
1894 – Flagler’s 1,150-room Hotel Royal Poinciana in Palm Beach is completed. Train service is extended to West Palm Beach. Ida Alice Shourds Flagler is institutionalized for mental illness.
Jacksonville, St. Augustine & Indian River Railway is renamed the Florida East Coast Railway.
1896 – The Palm Beach Inn opens in Palm Beach. Railway reaches Biscayne Bay.
1897 – Flagler’s Hotel Royal Palm opens in Miami.
1901 – The Florida Legislature passes a bill that made incurable insanity grounds for divorce. Flagler divorces Ida Alice.
1901 – Aug. 24, Flagler marries Mary Lily Kenan of North Carolina.
The PALM BEACH INN IS RENAMED THE BREAKERS.
1902 – The Flaglers move into WHITEHALL, the Palm Beach winter retreat Flagler has built as a wedding present for Mary Lily.
1903 – The Breakers is destroyed by fire. Rebuilt and opens in 1906.
1905 – Expansion of the Florida East Coast Railway to Key West begins.
1911 – Flagler ceases being an active director at Standard Oil.
1912 – Flagler rides the first train into Key West on Jan. 21.
1913 – Flagler dies May 20 in Palm Beach and is buried in St. Augustine.