logo

1961-SPACE-TIMELINE

 

[ Space ]

Race

“Stairway To The Stars”
Ella Fitzgerald
Hello, Love 
1959
((( just say “go” )))

The Original 7

The Original 7 (as they were officially named) was the group of military pilots and engineers who were chosen out of hundreds of applicants after excelling in NASA’s physical and mental tests.

Original Heroes
“Destination Moon” b/Dinah Washington
Dinah ’62 

((( Astronaut )))

— yT.

 NASA vs USSR
(The National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

NASA invites test pilots, from around the United States Armed Services, to join its next generation of military aviators. Although Alan Shepard’s invitation was “lost in the mail,” and he never officially received an offer to join, he had always been on NASA’s list of selections of America’s Original 7 Astronauts.

The Mercury 7, wastwas the first group of American Astronauts: Alan Shepard, John Glenn, Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Donald “Deke” Slayton, Malcolm “Scott” Carpenter, Walter “Wally” Schirra and Gordon Cooper. After two years of grueling and dangerous training, Shepard was the one selected to pilot America’s first flight into space, with Glenn, serving as his backup.

But it was a Russian Cosmonaut that made it to space first, and not only did he break free of the Earth’s atmosphere, he went on to complete an orbit, another important first in The Race.
The Launch of Freedom 7 took on a sense of urgency when the Soviet Union launched cosmonaut  Yuri Gagarin, and the Russians became the first to break free of the Earth’s atmosphere, and significantly, became the first person to orbit the Earth.

“Happy Blues For John Glenn”
Lightning Hopkins
1962 — 
((( orbit )))

Two weeks after the Soviets sent their first Cosmonaut into space, American was prepared to get back in the race. Alan Shepard’s launch had been scheduled to beat the Russians, but was delayed because of bad weather. Not unusual on the large, sandy cape that defines Florida’s East Coast. 

May 5, 1961 Freedom 7, the capsule atop NASA’s Redstone rocket, lifted off and took Astronaut Alan Shepard on a 15-minute ride. A suborbital flight, 116 miles up, into Outer Space. Because of the placement of the porthole windows on his capsule, Shepard was unable to see the stars, and a filter on his telescope, looking back, made the Earth appear black and white. He was also strapped in too tight to experience weightlessness.
Although The Soviets had reached outer space first, and Gagarin had orbited the Earth, Shepard’s shorter, and suborbital flight had a more significant, worldwide impact. Unlike with Gagarin’s mostly secret mission, Shepard’s launch, flight, and splashdown were broadcast on live television, and seen by millions, all around the World.

While the Russians publicized Gagarin’s name was publicized, many of the details of his flight were kept confidential for years, including the fact that he had he abandoned his capsule, and parachuted to Earth, rather than landing his spacecraft. Shepard was also ceremonially awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, at the White House by president  John F. Kennedy.

BALL OF CONFUSION ((video))
THE RIGHT STUFF (1983)
The Right Stuff (trailer) 1983
The Right Stuff (trailer) 2020
Tom Wolf

“I wanted to be a space man”
Harry Nillson
1968 — War & Hope
((( the new cowboy )))

NASA

The Cape
Home is where the rockets fly.
Canaveral National Seashore
Sand Point
Titusville, Florida
Mosquito Lagoon
Playalinda Beach
Sacred Ground
Complex #39 A/B
Last Stepping Stone to The Moon
VAB
Merritt Island (Dragon Point)
Tropical Trail
Mather’s Bridge (Indialantic)
COCOA BEACH
Banana River
Indian River (Lagoon)
Citrus
Harvey’s
Rockledge
River Road

THE RIGHT STUFF (1983)
The Right Stuff (trailer) 1983
The Right Stuff (trailer) 2020
Tom Wolf

State Road 40
HWY40 (Ormond Beach / Ocala / Port Inglis)
YANKEETOWN / CRACKERTOWN
State Road 50
HWY50 (Titusville / Orlando / Weeki Wachee)
THE ROAD THROUGH TIME
State Road 60
HWY60 (Vero Beach / Lake Wales / Clearwater)
YEEHAW JUNCTION
State Road 70
HWY70 (Fort Pierce / Okeechobee / Bradenton )
SR27 / LAKE PLACID /SEBRING 
State Road 80
HWY80 (West Palm Beach / Belle Glade / Ft Myers)
MAR A LAGO / SUGAR: HOW SWEET IS IT?

THE BRIDGE (Playing for Civil Rights)

May 5, 1961 Alan Shepard
FREEDOM 7
First “American” In Space
Rocket: Redstone 3
15-minute, sub-orbital flight
February 20, 1962 John Glenn
FRIENDSHIP 7
First To Orbit
Rocket: Redstone 3
((( ? )))

Mercury
The Original 7 Astronauts
May 5, 1961 — Alan Shepard
First American Astronaut In Space
Feb. 20, 1962 — John Glenn
First To Orbit

Gemini
It Takes Two to Rendezvous
Gemini 4
June 3, 1965
Ed White (Space Walk)
Gemini 8 (Neil Armstrong)

Apollo 8
Earthrise
Christmas Eve
Genesis
Down To Earth (Back to Earth)
Feet On The Ground
Sunrise
Moonrise

“Voodoo Chile”  
Jimi Hendrix
Electric Ladyland
1968 Voodoo, Assassination & War

“On the night I was born, I swear the Moon turned a fire Red.”
((( premonition )))

“Earthrise” by Bill Anders (Apollo 8)
Cocoa TODAY

Florida’s Space Age Newspaper

1968 Apollo 8
Pink FloydDark Side Of The Moon” (1973)
Apollo 8 Earthrise” (1968)

GalileoStarry Messenger (1609)
Sir Isaac Newton  “Opticks” (1704)

Cave of Altamira” (36,000 YEARS OLD)
Paleolithic (Stone-Age) Man
Discovered Santillana del Mar, Spain (1868)

Art & Light In The Sky
Jimi Hendrix
Bob Dylan & The Beatles
Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love,  Electric Ladyland,  Band of Gypsys, Woodstock, Live at The Fillmore East (New Years 69/70)

1969Neil Armstrong
VIETNAM
WOODSTOCK 
Jimi Hendrix 
ELECTRIC LADYLAND 

“Fly Like An Eagle”
Steve Miller
King Biscuit Flower Hour

((( on the radio )))

Cocoa TODAY

Florida’s Space Age Newspaper

One Small Step for Man, One Giant Leap for Mankind”

Apollo 11 (Shoot The Moon)

Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin I
Black Sabbath Black Sabbath
Deep Purple  In Rock

1970 —  Miles Davis
Bitches Brew 

1971What’s Going On

Marvin Gaye
1972 — “I Can See Clearly Now

Johnny Nash

“Money” 
Pink Floyd
The Dark Side of the Moon
1973 Looking Back to Apollo 8, whose crew were the first men to see the Dark Side of the Moon, and surprisingly more dramatic, to see a bright blue planet Earth rise above the colorless surface of the Moon, a living “Light In The Black.”
((( 70s MoOd )))

Sir Isaac Newton  “Opticks” (1704)

1973American Graffiti
Kodachrome
Paul Simon
1974 — There Goes Rhymin’ Simon
“When I think back on all the crap I learned in high school …”

((( nikon vision )))

Frank Zappa

“One Size Fits All” There was always much more to (GUITARIST) Frank Zappa than not eating the yellow snow. Everything is “Fusion,” or “Fusion” is nothing at all.
1975“Space Station #5”
Ronnie Montrose, Edgar Winter’s guitarist, enters the “Fusion.”
1985“Contact”
Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Message in A Bottle

“Where The Boys Are”
State Route 50: The Road Through Florida Space & Time …
1960 — Weeki Wachee to The Moon
((( looking up )))

dave.

“All Summer Long”
Beach Boys
All Summer Long

((( surfin’ safari )))

 

dave.

Sebastian Inlet — The dividing line between Brevard and Indian River Counties, and known as one of the finest surf spots, not only in Florida, but on the entire east coast of the United States.

Patrick Air Force Base, Picnic Tables, 2nd Light, Touch and Gos, Pineda Causeway shortcut, U2 takeoff, F-16s across the Turnpike, Hawk chasing Eagle, Isuzu Trooper (Red) Targeted by a pair of A-10s. After NOT seeing Pink Floyd in a torrential rain at the Tangerine Bowl. On to Gainesville.

 

Apollo 11
July 20, 1969 
ONE SMALL STEP FOR MAN
Apollo 11 (MoonShot)
WOODSTOCK
VIETNAM

1969  — MOON SHOT

MASH (1970)
Mash (Film) Trailer
All In The Family (1971-79)
Archie & Sammy Davis Jr. ((video))

Blazing Saddles
Young Frankenstein
American Graffiti
Live And Let Die
Wings
Franz Klammer ’76 Olympics
WKRP
Deep Purple
Vanishing Point
FM

— SOUL TRAIN 1971-1979 (Vol.2)
Frederick Douglas brought into the (’70s) now.
SOUL TRAIN 1971-1979 (Vol.1)
SOUL TRAIN (1971)
Wattstax (1972)
Wattstax (1972) Trailer
Richard Pryor
Dick Gregory
Redd Foxx
Eddie Murphy
Chris Rock
Fly Girls
In Living Color (1990)
Dave Chappelle

1947 The Muroc Army Air Field in California has test pilots fly high-speed aircraft such as the rocket-powered Bell X-1, but some are killed as a result. After another pilot, Slick Goodlin, demands $150,000 (equivalent to $1,683,000 in 2018) to attempt to break the sound barrier, war hero Captain Chuck Yeager receives the chance to fly the X-1. While on a horseback ride with his wife Glennis, Yeager collides with a tree branch and breaks his ribs, which inhibits him from leaning over and locking the door to the X-1. Worried that he might not fly the mission, Yeager confides in friend and fellow pilot Jack Ridley. Ridley cuts off part of a broomstick and tells Yeager to use it as a lever to help seal the hatch to the X-1, and Yeager becomes the first person to fly at supersonic speed, defeating the “demon in the sky.”

Six years later, Muroc, now Edwards Air Force Base, still attracts the best test pilots. Yeager (now a major) and friendly rival Scott Crossfield repeatedly break the other’s speed records. They frequent the Happy Bottom Riding Club run by Pancho Barnes, who classifies the pilots at Edwards either “prime” (such as Yeager and Crossfield, those who fly the newest and best equipment), or “pudknockers,” the rookie arrivals, which included all NASA’s first recruits. 

Gordon “Gordo” Cooper, Virgil “Gus” Grissom and Donald “Deke” Slayton, United States Air Force captains, were among the rookies who hoped they had the right (NASA) stuff.

“No bucks, No Buck Rogers.”

Officials understand, that rather than keep their test program secret, it would be better for fund raising if they promoted the most exciting new program, rather than hide it.

Cooper’s wife, Trudy, and other wives are afraid of becoming widows, but cannot change their husbands’ ambitions and desire for success and fame.

1957 The Russian satellite Sputnik alarms the United States. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson and military leaders demand that NASA help America defeat the Russians in what was called the Space Race.

The search for the first Americans in space excludes Yeager because he lacks a college degree.

1959
The Original Seven
Mercury 7 Astronauts
John Glenn
Alan Shepard
Wally Schirra
Scott Carpenter
Gordon “Gordo” Cooper
Virgil “Gus” Grissom
Donald “Deke” Slayton
Mercury
Gemini
Apollo

“Hit The Road Jack”
Ray Charles
1961 — JFK’s Theme

((( camelot cometh )))

NASA

“Taste Of Honey / Hard Day’s Night”
Herb Alpert / The Beatles
1964 —Psychedelia Is Gonna Come

((( St. Pepper’s Next )))

1960
The Original Seven
Mercury 7 Astronauts
John Glenn
Alan Shepard
Wally Schirra
Scott Carpenter
Gordon “Gordo” Cooper
Virgil “Gus” Grissom
Donald “Deke” Slayton
Mercury
Gemini
Apollo

April 12, 1961  Yuri Gagarin, the Russian, having been the First Man In Space, inspires a humiliated United States of America. The Original Seven couldn’t have been more motivated to get in the Race to The Moon.

May 5, 1961 Alan Shepard
FREEDOM 7
First “American” In Space
Rocket: Redstone 3
15-minute, sub-orbital flight

February 20, 1962 John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the Earth (Mercury/Atlas 6). After surviving a fiery re-entry with a dangerously loose heat shield on his capsule, Glenn splashed down a celebrity, honored with a ticker-tape parade down New York City’s 5th Avenue. Glenn, his fellow astronauts, and their families became the center of pop culture attention, including a Texas-size celebration in the Sam Houston Coliseum to announce the opening of the Manned Space Center in Houston.

Andy Warhol
Robert Rauschenberg

The Meaning Of Pop
Interview Magazine
Jean Michele Basquiat
American Pop (1980)
Although test pilots at Edwards mock the Mercury Astronauts as “spam in a can,”  they do recognize that they are no longer the fastest men on Earth. “it takes a special kind of man to volunteer for a suicide mission” Yeager said, “especially when it’s on national TV.”
Lockheed NF-104A, Yeager attempts to set a new altitude record in a brand new Lockheed NF-104A that would take him to the edge of space. As he climbed to where he could see out of the Earth’s atmosphere, the 104A’s engine stalled, and Yeager was seriously burned when he had to eject as the plane plumeted toward the desert floor. Surviving the fall, Yeager gathered up his spent parachute before walking himself to an approaching ambulance, proving that, although never making it to space, he no doubt always had The Right Stuff.

May 15, 1963 — Cooper has a successful launch (Mercury/Atlas 9) ending the Mercury program. As the last American to fly into space alone, he “went higher, farther, and faster than any other American … for a brief moment, “Gordo” Cooper became the greatest pilot anyone had ever seen.”
THE BRIDGE
Frank Sinatraw/ Count Basie (St. Louis, MO / 1965)

1969

As the war in Vietnam raged hotter than ever, Easy Rider was the Hollywood movie that came to define the time America escaped the most violent and angry decade, but long before the careless sex, drugs, and rock n roll of the 1970s.
Jimi Hendrix laid down a rock n roll foundation that electric guitarist are still building upon today, 50 years later … and he did it mostly between 1967 and 1970, the year he died.

n

floridaSPACE&TIME
— dave.

AMERICA vs. RUSSIA
Some Russian thing called “Sputnik” flew by overhead, and the race to put a man on the moon was on.