[ inside ]
(PAD 39A) VAB
The Last Stepping Stone
“String Of Pearls” b/ Glenn Miller
b/ Jimi Hendrix
Big Bad Moon
b/ Joe Satriani
MYTHOLOGY — PRE-FICTION / SCIENCE / FANTASY
& A MATTER OF FACT
Earth — Unlike the other planets in the Solar System, in English, Earth does not directly share a name with an ancient Roman deity. The name Earth derives from the eighth century Anglo-Saxon word erda, which means ground or soil.
Luna (10 Things About The Moon)
The Sun Is God
Daughter of Ptlomey Cleopatra accompanied her father, after he was exiled, to Rome(58BC).
Son of God
Power Of The Sun
Around The Sun
Fire In The Sky (Sun)
Melted Sand / Silver
— Miro (Calder?)
Caption for painting
The Magic Of Glass
Sun / Sand / Science
Glass / Polished / Transparent
Reflective / MIRROR / Reverse / Illusion
The Devil Is Left-Handed
Religion vs. Art / Religion vs. Science
Telescope / Looking Up
Seeing The Future / IMAGINEERS
The Sun Is God
Religion vs. Science
A city established by Alexander the Great
400 years before Ptolemy’s birth.
Alexandria cultivated a famous library, attracting scholars from Greece.
Alexandria’s school for astronomers received praise and patronage.
PTOLEMY’S COSMIC VIEW
THE NAKED TRUTH (Pompeii)
Rome conquers Egypt
Octavian Dominates Cleopatra
Rome’s interest was in conquering the Earth,
not phi·los·o·phiz·ing about the universe, and the meaning of life.
GOD CREATED THE HEAVEN AND THE EARTH.
and miraculously, it took him only seven days.
That’s the Catholic Church’s story, and if you want to stay alive, you had better stick to it.
The Romans, unlike the Greeks who they had conquered, provided nearly nothing for the scientific study of the stars.
Alexandria was then the second-largest city in the Roman Empire, not because of its scholarly past, but because it was the Empire’s most productive and important source of grain, mostly wheat.
FOOD FOR WAR.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT (ARISTOTLE)384-322 BC
(Alone In The Desert)
The One Great Astronomers of Roman Alexandria.
FOOD FOR WAR.
Gaius Julius Caesar
(The) Julius Caesar was Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the fall of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.
The One Great Astronomer of Roman Alexandria.
The One Great Astronomer of Roman Alexandria.
Geocentrism — The Religious Truth
EARTH AT THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE
God Created the Heaven and the Earth
85 CE – 165 CE
Ptolemy’s was the church-sanctioned, and scientifically accepted view of the cosmos for 1400 years, until it was (controversially) challenged by the findings of:
(19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543)
Renaissance-era polymath who theory of the universe placed the Sun rather than Earth at the center of the universe, in all likelihood independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had articulated similar ideas some eighteen centuries earlier.
The publication of Copernicus’ book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres), just before his death in 1543, was a major event in the history of science, triggering the Copernican Revolution and making a pioneering contribution to the Scientific Revolution.
Galileo vs. Religion(1615)
Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaulti de Galilei
(February 15, 1564 – January 8, 1642)
Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, (polymath) from Pisa. Galileo has been called the “father of observational astronomy,” the “father of modern physics”, the “father of the scientific method,” and the “father of modern science.”
Galileo studied speed and velocity, gravity and free fall, the principle of relativity, inertia, projectile motion and also worked in applied science and technology, describing the properties of pendulums and “hydrostatic balances”, inventing the thermoscope and various military compasses, and using the telescope for scientific observations of celestial objects. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the observation of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, the observation of Saturn’s rings, and the analysis of sunspots.
Galileo’s championing of heliocentrism and Copernicanism was controversial during his lifetime, when most subscribed to geocentric models such as the Tychonic system. He met with opposition from astronomers, who doubted heliocentrism because of the absence of an observed stellar parallax. The matter was investigated by the Roman Inquisition in 1615, which concluded that heliocentrism was “foolish and absurd in philosophy, and formally heretical since it explicitly contradicts in many places the sense of Holy Scripture”.
Galileo later defended his views in Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (1632), which appeared to attack Pope Urban VIII and thus alienated him and the Jesuits, who had both supported Galileo up until this point. He was tried by the Inquisition, found “vehemently suspect of heresy”, and forced to recant. He spent the rest of his life under house arrest. While under house arrest, he wrote Two New Sciences, in which he summarized work he had done some forty years earlier on the two sciences now called kinematics and strength of materials.
Glass/ Lens/ Telescope
History Of Science
The Catholic Church
— National Geographic
Caption for Isaac Newton …
Sir Isaac Newton (1705)
During most of the 16th and 17th centuries, fear of heretics spreading teachings and opinions that contradicted the Bible dominated the Catholic Church.
They persecuted scientists who formed theories the Church deemed heretical
Forbade people from reading any books on those subjects, placing them on
The Index of Prohibited Books.
WAR OF THE WORLDS
Science vs. Religion
Casualties Of War
Nicholas Copernicus (1508)
Galileo Galilei (1633)
The Starry Messenger b/ Galileo Galilei
“Cosmic Messenger” b/ Jean Luc-Ponty
Galileo was jailed for heresy for being the first scientist to write Earth orbited around the Sun, and that the Earth was not the Center Of The Universe, as the Catholic Church had always preached. The Starry Messenger was banned in 1633, and Galileo was sentenced to Life Imprisonment, and remained in custody until his death in 1642.
Heliocentric Solar System
Among the sources Copernicus consulted in his earliest Astronomic studies (1501) was Regiomontanus, a 15th-Century Astronomer who’s “Epitome of the Almagest,” presented an alternative to Ptolemy’s religious, Earth-Centric Theory Of The Universe, significantly influenced Copernicus in his (1508) theory of a system in which the Earth and a number of other planets revolved around the Sun.
Blocks Of Ice?
Power Of Gold
No Nukes (documentary / concert film)
Madison Square Garden (1979)
A collective of anti-nuclear, activist musicians:
preaching the dangers of nuclear power,
— Washington D.C. (1835)
Benjamin Banneker (November 9, 1731 – October 19, 1806) was a free African-American almanac author, surveyor, landowner and farmer who had knowledge of mathematics and natural history. Born in Baltimore County, Maryland, to a free African-American woman and a former slave, Banneker had little or no formal education and was largely self-taught. He became known for assisting Major Andrew Ellicott in a survey that established the original borders of the District of Columbia, the federal capital district of the United States.
Banneker’s knowledge of astronomy helped him author a commercially successful series of almanacs. He corresponded with Thomas Jefferson on the topics of slavery and racial equality, Jefferson having earlier drafted the United States Declaration of Independence. Abolitionists and advocates of racial equality promoted and praised Banneker’s works.