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“The Bridge”

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Time Has Come Again.

An honest telling of the African American fight for religious, racial, and economic justice For All.

dave.

Allan Harris  and  Doug Wimbish at the WLRN studios, on the outskirts of downtown Miami. “The World is a Ghetto” was part of their hour-long set (The Bridge) on host Ed Bell’s Friday at Noon (“Live”) broadcast. Allan and Doug were in Miami for The Miami Design Preservation League’s Annual Art Deco Weekend.

Cross That Riverby Alan Harris
1850 — Allan Harris tells the seldom told story of those escaped slaves who found their freedom, West of The Mississippi.

Summertime
Allan Harris
Martin Luther King Jr. Day (2015)
Martin Luther King Jr. Community Center Dedication
Pompano Beach, Florida

((( song of the season )))


Billie Holiday by William P. Gottlieb

1934 George Gershwin writes “PORGY AND BESS” an ARIA telling of a crippled street-beggar struggling to survive on Catfish Row, a black tenement in 1920s Charleston, South Carolina. “Porgy and Bess” was based on real-life, Charleston resident, Samuel Smalls. (THE GULLAH)

1939 Strange Fruit,” the song known for its horrific description of the Ku Klux Klan’s indiscriminate execution of innocent black men in America’s Deep South, was written by Abel Meeropol, a white Jewish school teacher who lived in the Bronx, New York.
Billie Holiday wept the first time she sang “Strange Fruit” at Café Society, New York City’s first integrated nightclub in Greenwich Village, as she did everytime after. She explained how moved she was by Meeropol’s words, that she described as …
so horrific, sad, and true.

Hard Times
Curtis Mayfield

There’s No Place Like America Today (1975
((( two sides of “high” )))​


World’s Highest Standard of Living” by Margaret Bourke White

Double Standard
Margaret Bourke-White took the picture during the aftermath of a flood in Louisville, Kentucky (1937). The black men, women, and children are waiting in line for food being distributed by The Red Cross, as The National Association of Manufacturers’ billboard vividly represents the division between black and white America.

Night & Day
Harlem Nocturne(NYC)  
((( uptown)))

A Great Day In Harlem by Art Kane (Esquire)

Great Day In Harlem
One day in what’s called “The Golden Age Of Jazz,” a momentous gathering of musicians was preserved, and now stands as an important document in America’s musical history.
1958“A Great Day In Harlem” or “Harlem 1958” is a black and white photograph of 57 Jazz musicians who had gathered at 17 East 126th Street (between Fifth and Madison) in Harlem, New York City. The picture was taken by freelance photographer Art Kane for Esquire magazine, and was published in Esquire’s January 1959 issue.

“Harlem Nocturne,” written by Earle Hagen (music) and Dick Rogers (lyrics) for the Ray Noble Orchestra, of which they were members, is a song that became one of the most popular Jazz “standards,” covered by hundreds, if not thousands of bands, musicians, and any other purveyors of Jazz.

1961 Alan Shepard
MAY 5, 1961 FIRST AMERICAN IN SPACE.
1962 John Glenn
FEB. 20, 1962 FRIENDSHIP 7 / FIRST AMERICAN TO ORBIT EARTH.
1962A CRISIS IN CUBA (KEY WEST)
OCT. 16-29, 1962 — “13 DAYS” ON THE BRINK OF NUCLEAR ANNIHILATION
Thirteen Days (2000) 
Matinee (1993)
March 7, 1965 Bloody Sunday
John Lewis (Dangerous Crossing)

Dick Gregory & Medgar Evers
1962 The laughs came because Dick Gregory was fearless the delivery of his hard-truth, anti-racist message to a mostly white, TV-watching audience. Gregory’s popularity grew fast. Gregory’s reputation was as one of the best stand up comedians working in the early 1960s, and even better when considering his seriously addressing the racial inequality he saw everywhere around him. Always funny and thoughtful, and when he met Medgar Evers in 1962, his anti-racism mission became absolute.

High hopes for a “brand new funky president.” 

((( ode to obama )))

Shepard Fairy

Keith LeBlanc
Will the circle be unbroken? Malcolm X to Barack Obama, Keith LeBlanc, Hip-Hop’s original drummer sampled them both. First with “No Sell Out” (Malcolm X) in 1984, and to close the African American circle, “Funky President” in 2009.

Bringing America Together Again?
“Long Walk To D.C.”
The Staple Singers
Soul Folk In Action
((( hope & prayer )))


— unknown

September 4, 1957 Hazel Massery, unhappy with the decision to integrate Little Rock Central High School, shouts angrily at Elizabeth Eckford, one of the Little Rock Nine, as she walked to enter Little Rock Central High School for the first time.
1964When Sam Cooke released his single “Change is Gonna Come,” he talked openly about the song being inspired by personal events, especially when he and his band were turned away from a “Whites Only” motel in Louisiana. Cooke said, after the event, he felt compelled to speak out in support of the Civil Rights Movement, and to protest against the hardships he and all African Americans still endured, one hundred years after the Civil War and their supposed emancipation. 
1965
“Fly Me To The Moon”
Frank Sinatra w/Count Basie

&“Change”
Is Gonna Come & Happy Birthday to our first lady, Michelle Obama.
((( song)))

Reg Lancaster

2014Allan Harris, with Doug Wimbish and the 21st Freedom Riders, relives Sam Cooke‘s “Change Is Gonna Come,” at the end of the performance at the WLRN (PBS Radio) studios in Miami (January 17, 2014) Michelle Obama’s 50th Birthday.

Martin Luther King Jr.
The Voice for Freedom and Justice for All

May 4, 1961THE FIRST FREEDOM RIDE (BUS CARAVAN) LEAVES WASHINGTON, D.C., SCHEDULED TO ARRIVE IN NEW ORLEANS, MAY 17, 1961.

“Ride On”
Little Axe
1994
((( song)))

Underwood Archives (Getty Images)

MAY 14, 1961 — Upon its arrival in Anniston, Alabama, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)-sponsored Greyhound bus was firebombed by a group of angry white men. They were angry at the blacks who were protesting (peacefully) the unlawful segregation of public transportation in the south, and angry at the whites (mostly from the north east) who were riding in support of the African American cause.

FREEDOM RIDERSBlack and White Civil Rights Activists rode interstate buses (Greyhound/Trailways) into the segregated south, protesting (peacefully) the Southern states that had ignored the United States Supreme Court decisions ruling the segregating of public transportation was unconstitutional.

Morgan v. Virginia (1946) and Boynton v. Virginia (1960)
Southern states ignored the Supreme Court, and the federal government had done nothing to enforce laws against segregation.

dave.

FREEDOM ROAD — Groups made up of oppressed African American Activists and young whites (many Jewish) boarded Greyhound buses in New Jersey, and embarked on a dangerous journey, south, through Tennessee, Louisianna, Mississippi, Alabama, and east to Florida and back up the East Coast, through Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia, before ending in Washington D.C.
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. ARRESTED IN ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA.
Along the way, the Freedom Riders were often met by violent white segregationists, including local law enforcement, showing their defiance of recent Supreme Court rulings against segregated public transportation.

A Dream Come True?
Martin Luther King
The Funk Brothers (Motown)
((( audio)))



US civil rights leader Martin Luther King,Jr. (C)
Photograph b/ James P. Blair

1963 — (August 28, 1963) Two years after the first Freedom Ride, and at the end of THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON FOR JOBS AND FREEDOM. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his I Have A Dream speech, and called for voting rights, overall economic justice, and to end racism in the United States.
The Bomb Heard ’round the World
(Birmingham, Alabama) 
September 15, 1963 — A KKK bombing at the 16th Street Church in Birmingham, Alabama killed four young girls, and marked a turning point in the fight for civil rights. Paul McCartney has said the bombing in Birmingham, and racial tension in America was inspiration for his writing “Blackbird,” a song featured on The Beatles White Album.

1964The Problem We All Live With
b/ Norman Rockwell

Norman Rockwell Museum

Norman Rockwell’s painting of Ruby Bridges, the first African-American child to desegregate the all-white William Frantz Elementary School (November 14, 1960) New Orleans, Louisiana.
Hearing the story of The Little Rock Nine (the nine African American children who faced anger, discrimination, and white nationalists, after enrolling in the all-white Little Rock Central High School in 1957, and later Ruby Bridges, Rockwell was inspired to make his artistic and political point about the the Supreme Court’s Brown vs. the Board of Education decision to desegregate America’s public schools.

GREEN BOOK — Green Book builds a feel-good comedy atop an artifact of shameful segregation. Yikes … The movie is named after the early ’60s guides published for black travelers in America’s segregated South. But its spin is all Hollywood. — Vox.com

SOPHISTICATED JUKIN’ @ THE ORANGE LOUNGE

FREEDOM RIDERS (The American Experience)

SELMA (THE MOVIE)
After marching across the Edmund Pettus Bridge with Martin Luther King Jr., and being nearly beaten to death by the Alabama State Police, John Lewis spent the rest of his life, fighting for the same voting rights he thought he had won 50 years before.

— CBS (2015)

1965(March 7, 1965) On the 50th anniversary of the “Bloody Sunday” march across the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, march organizer, Georgia congressman John Lewis, who was assaulted and battered that day by Alabama State police officers, re-visited the bridge, and told the story to Bob Schieffer on CBS’ Face the Nation.
Eyes On The Prize
Mavis Staples
We’ll Never Turn Back
((( onward)))

CBS

Spike Lee won his first Oscar at the (2018) Academy Awards. The iconic director was recognized for writing the best adapted screenplay for BlacKkKlansman ((( video))). In his acceptance speech, Lee honored American slaves, and made a call to action in the (2020) presidential election.

In his acceptance speech, Lee didn’t shy away from politics. “Let’s all mobilize. Let’s all be on the right side of history,” he said. “Make the moral choice between love versus hate. “Let’s do the right thing!”

The New York City filmmaker was previously nominated for two Oscars—Best Original Screenplay for Do the Right Thing and Best Documentary for 4 Little Girls. He was also nominated for Best Director.

— PBS

The documentary series about the Civil Rights Movement in the United States of America originally aired on the PBS network (1987). Created and executive-produced by Henry Hampton at the film production company Blackside, and narrated by Julian Bond. The series uses archival footage, still photographs, and interviews of participants and opponents of the movement. The title of the series, which is used to open each episode, is derived from the folk song “Keep Your Eyes on the Prize.”

Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years 1954–1965  — The time between the United States Supreme Court(1954)Brown v. Board of Education ruling, to the (1965) Selma to Montgomery Marches.(Six episodes, aired January 21 to February 25, 1987.

Eyes on the Prize II: America at the Racial Crossroads 1965–1985  — The time between the national emergence of Malcolm X (1964) and the election of Harold Washington as the first African-American mayor of Chicago(1983). (Eight episodes, aired January 15 to March 5, 1990)

1966 — GEMINI 8 (It Takes Two To Rendezvous) 
1967 SUMMER OF LOVE (San Francisco)

“Abraham, Martin, and John”
Dion DiMucci
1967 — Marvin Gaye (1968)

((eulogy))

1968 Apollo 8
“In the Beginning, God Created the Heavens and the Earth.”
Dark Side of The Moon, Assassination, Voodoo, and War.
1968When Paul McCartney heard the story of The Little Rock Nine, it inspired his writing the song “Blackbird,” that appeared on the Beatles White Album.  (The African American children who, after enrolling in the all-white Little Rock Central High School in 1957, faced the most ugly anger of the white nationalists who populated the area. The first, and most notable, segregation of a public school after the Supreme Court’s historic Brown vs. the Board of Education decision.
1969Apollo 11, WOODSTOCK, VIETNAM
“One Small Step for Man, One Small Step for Mankind” 
Altamonte (The Dark Side)
1969 Summer of Soul (Harlem Cultural Festival) “Black Woodstock”
Marvin Gaye
That’s The Way Love Is (1970)

70s
1970Miles Davis Bitches Brew
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976

ABC

1976 Alex Haley’s book, Roots: The Saga of an American Family., was adapted by ABC as a television miniseries of the same name and aired it in 1977 to a record-breaking audience of 130 million viewers. In the United States, the book and miniseries raised the public awareness of black American history and inspired a broad interest in genealogy and family history. (ancestory.com)
Haley’s first book was The Autobiography of Malcolm X, published in 1965, a collaboration through numerous lengthy interviews with Malcolm X.

1977 — Saturday Night Fever
1978 — FM, Rick James (Bitch) v. Ron Carter (Distinguished Gentleman)
1979Hip Hop Happens, Iranian Hostage Crisis (11/4/79) Jimmy Carter, (Muslim) Students of Another Colour.
1980Ronald Reagan Just Say No
1981
1982 — No Nukes NYC Central Park June 12, 1982
1983 — 
1984BEAT STREET, Herbie Hancock Sound-System Keith LeBlanc (“King Of The Beat”) “NO SELL OUT” (Malcolm X) vs. Sugar Hill Records (Joe and Sylvia Robinson) w/Betty Shabazz.
“No Sell Out” (Malcolm X)
1984 Keith Leblanc vs. Sugar Hill
Keith, with the blessing of friend Betty Shabazz (Malcolm’s widow), cut pieces of Malcolm X speeches to a beat of his making, and came up with “No Sell Out,” known as one of the most important “sample” recordings ever cut.

And to cut this story short, for now, let it be said that Joe and Sylvia Robinson (the Sugar Hill Records owners) stole Keith’s master tapes, pressed half a million vinyl records, and gave writing credits to Sylvia and production credits to “Sugar Hill” and Joe. All without a mention of Keith. Keith sued Joe and Sylvia Robinson, and with Betty Shabazz at his side in the federal courtroom in Newark, New Jersey won the argument, received an undisclosed amount of money, and as those in the know look back now, they see that Keith had also hammered the last nail in Sugar Hill Records coffin.
Soon after, Def Jam and Death Row took violent control of the industry, and an East v. West war ended in the deaths of two of the most talented voices in the movement. The East’s Biggie Smalls, and the West’s Tupac Shakur, both died at the wrong end of a gun. Both Silenced For No Reason. Silenced With No Reason.

1985 — LIVE AID (Mick Jagger & Tina Turner) We Are The World (Michael Jackson, Lionel Richie, Quincy Jones), Artists United Against Apartheid, Farm Aid, Miami Vice, Adrian Sherwood, On-U Sound, Fat’s Comet, Gary Clail, Bernard Meets Mick Jagger She’s The Boss. Jeff Beck Flash Jimmy Hall, Rod Stewart, Nile Rodgers and Arthur Baker (Production) Carmine Appice
1986Jeff Beck Flash Jan Hammer, Simon Phillips, Doug Wimbish, Steve Lukather, (TOKYO)

1987 — Living Colour Vivid, Guns N Roses Appetite for Destruction, Joe Satriani Surfing With The Alien
1988American Influence 
The Second Coming of Mick Primitive Cool The Brothers of Sodom
1989Bill Hicks
Viciously Honest (“Patriot”/”American Scream”) “The Gospel According To Bill Hicks” (GQ)

 

dave.

Today, under assault by a white nationalist-controlled government, Civil and Voting Rights in America have never needed advocates more … Those who believe in a democratic way of life … Those who care about more than themselves … Those willing to stand up and fight for the underprivileged, the overlooked, the lonely, and the forgotten. 
LIVING COLOUR (“Back In The U.S.A.”)


dave.

The Girl Who Got Away
August 24, 1992 — Just hours after Hurricane Andrew ravaged South Miami, I woke to a clear blue sky and a gentle tropical breeze. You never would have known that just past midnight, the howl of a sustained 160-mile wind was deafening, and even 25 miles north, in West Palm Beach, just across from Mar A Lago, one still feared for their well being. (STORY)


dave.

Not a Norman Rockwell Homecoming — Buttons & Cookies in Vietnam. Tom returns to strangers in the house. Parents had moved to the other side of East Hartford, Connecticut.
Homecoming @ Bradley International (2005) — A Navy surgeon’s family greets his flight, arriving in Hartford, Connecticut.
Living Colour
“Back In The U.S.A.”

The Bridge
2015 Martin Luther King Jr. Day
THE BRIDGE (COMPLETE POMPANO BEACH PERFORMANCE)
@ The Pompano Beach Community Center
Pompano Beach, Florida ((audio))
Vernon Reid (guitar)
Corey Glover (vocals)
Will Calhoun (drums)
Doug Wimbish (bass guitar)THE BRIDGE (CONT’D)
LOS ANGELES TIMES
2005 Homecoming @ Bradley International (2005) — A Navy surgeon’s family greets his flight, arriving in Hartford, Connecticut.
Not Quite a Norman Rockwell Homecoming — Cousin Tom (Perrone) Buttons & Cookies, Meeting Lt. Col. Uncle Jack in Saigon, and returning home (East Hartford) to strangers in his house. His parents forgot to tell him that they had moved to a new house, across town.
2016 LIVING COLOUR (“Back In The U.S.A.”)


Harry Belafonte
1956 — Calypso

For The Love of Cotton
Southern Currency … Soft and White.
No Matter Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation, and an attempt at Reconstruction, The “United” States of America remained a segregated country until Martin Luther King Jr. led a Civil Rights movement that ended with President Lyndon Baines Johnson signing The Voting Rights Act of 1965.  completely segregated (Black and White) country. It took more than one hundred years after the African American slaves had been “Free”d, after their Exodus North, away from the Anglo-Saxon men who believed themselves “superior,” and that their field workers and “house niggers” were “property” to be used, not human beings to cared for.

Strange Fruit
Billie Holiday
There’s No Place Like America Today 

1939 — “Strange Fruit” (Live)
((( audio )))

STRANGE FRUIT  
TRICKY (2002)

Ray Noble Orchestra
1940 — Ray Noble First Recording (Before it was a “Standard”).
((( mood music)))

Paul Colin

“DecaDance”
Living Colour
2009Chair In The Doorway
((( We All Had A Decadent Good Time)))

arron douglas “the dance” (1930)

Harlem Renaissance

 

2002 — “Great Night In Harlem” (Special K & Connie)

1939 Sun And Moon
1940 — RENAISSANCE CALLING
1941 — Pearl Harbor, Japan (Dec. 7, A Date That Will Live In Infamy)
1942 — American Gothic, Gordon Parks
1943 — BIG BAND SWING
1944 — D-Day (June 6) The Longest Day
1945 — 
1946
1947 — Jackie Robinson (Rookie of The Year)
1948
1949
1950sAtomic Age,  Good Night and Good LuckEdward R. Murrow (2005)

The Bridge
MARCH 7, 1965BLOODY SUNDAY
African American Time
1619 & BEYOND
UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
CIVIL RIGHTS TIMELINE : (1947-1968)
LOVE IN VAIN (ROBERT JOHNSON GRAPHIC NOVEL)
Martin Luther King Jr. in St. Augustine, Florida

THE BOWERY
Berenice Abbott (1930s)
LOWER EAST SIDE (MANHATTAN)
Wee Gee (1930s/40s)

AMERICAN GOTHIC  (1945)
Gordon Parks
ON THE ROAD (1957)
Jack Kerouac

Jack Kerouac (Jean-Louis Lebris de Kérouac)
March 12, 1922 / October 21, 1969
1957 — On the Road made Kerouac an American icon, the leader of the Beat Generation