There Eyes Were Watching God (1937)
Zora Neale Hurston

Vol.1 No.1
1912  — The same year the University of Florida’s student newspaper, The Florida Alligator, published and delivered its first edition, Henry Morrison Flagler, the Gilded Age Railroad Baron and Florida’s first developer, reached his goal of his Florida East Coast Railway reaching Key West, America’s Southernmost point. (FLAGLER’S MOON).

Back in Gainesville, the first Florida Alligator was little more than a transcription of University of Florida president Albert A. Murphree’s opening speech to the class of 1912. Murphree preached to his new students, 400 young white men. Telling them how to achieve University of Florida success.

Follow Christian values, Join the Y.M.C.A., and do not give in to low and insidious temptation.”

— UF President Albert A. Murphree (1912)

 Alligator Independence Day

“It’s Not My Cross To Bear”
The Allman Brothers Band
1969 — North Florida Rising
((( straight out of jerusalem )))

Ocklawaha River
1885 Henry Morrison Flagler was the New York City, Gilded Age businessman who saw the potential in developing Florida land, and he built the Florida East Coast Railway to prove it. St. Augustine (1888) to Key West (1912), conquering Florida’s east coast for its sun, fun, and money, of course. Until the railroad, Florida’s transportation (goods, services, and tourists) was by river, on steamships, like those on the Ocklawaha, that ended (starts) at Silver Springs. After the Civil War, Florida Springs became popular destinations for the more adventurous vacationer, including Ulysses S. Grant, who enjoyed hunting in the Florida jungle.

“Cats On The Coast”
Sea Level
((( beach development )))

Ormond Beach (1905-1935)

Flight over Daytona — Many of the first aviators were attracted to Florida, both for the weather and that it was where the wealthy went to “winter.” Palm Beach is where Flagler made his home, but it was Ormond Beach, 100 miles north, at one of his grand East Coast Florida hotels, The Ormond, where he socialized with his fellow titans of American business. Visitors to the Ormond were offered to organize boating parties, looking for alligators on the Tomoka river. At the turn of the 20th Century, automotive pioneers began using the smooth, flat sand along Ormond Beach to test their experimental and engineering work. For the next thirty years, into the mid 1930s, until war in Europe, Ormond was the place racers chased after the land speed record. Before the Bonneville Salt Flats, 235 MPH was reached Ormond Beach.

First to imagine

Idea Man

Thomas A. Edison, an inventor with a resume that includes the light bulb (now a symbol), the phonograph, and motion pictures.
Henry Morrison Flagler — Florida Railroad Barron
John D. Rockefeller — Standard Oil w/Flagler
Henry Ford — Automotive (Model-T) Pioneer
Harvey S. Firestone — Ford’s Automotive Partner

1885 Thomas A. Edison started spending his winters in Fort Myers, where he built a laboratory where he continued his numerous scientific and technological experiments, in his addition to managing a small rubber plantation at the heart of his botanical research. Information relevant to his friend Harvey Firestone, who he saw often in Ormond Beach at his friend Henry Morrison’s hotel.

Florida Women (Something to Say)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom’s Cabin

“I Am Woman”
Helen Reddy
((( song )))

Graphica Artis/Getty Images

Cross Creek, Cumquat Marmalade

Harriet Beecher Stowe (St. Johns River, Tangerines)
Zora Neale Hurston (Fort Pierce, Hotel Maid, Highwaymen)
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Cross Creek, Marmalade)
Marjory Stoneman Douglas (Everglades: River of Grass)
Edna Buchanan (Miami Herald Crime Reporter)
Laura Kelly (Alligator)
“Dispatches from the Republic of Otherness”
Meg Laughlin (Tropic Magazine)
Julia Tuttle (Miami River, Biscayne Bay)
Amelia Earhart (Miami Final Departure)
Hidden Figures
African-American mathematiciansKatherine Goble JohnsoDorothy Vaughan, and Mary Jackson, who worked at NASA during the Space Race  (1960s).

Edna Buchanan (Miami Herald)
Meg Laughlin (Tropic) 1982
Laura Kelly (Alligator)

1850sUncle Tom’s Cabin

Suwannee River
Louis Armstrong
((( song )))

1860s“CIVIL” WAR (America’s Violent Divide)

1870s — 
1870Brooklyn Bridge

Thomas Edison made his first impression with what would become the Telephone. He improved the Telegraph (system) by making it possible to hear another’s voice across a long distance.


United States History (1900–1929)
United States History (1918–1945)

Let the Light Shine
1879Seeing The Florida Light

Thomas A. Edison (Light Bulb)
Wright Brothers (Kitty Hawk, NC)
Electric Light (Bulb)

1890sInto The (20th Century) Light
Henry Morrison Flagler “Steals” Palm Beach


Coon, Coon, Coon
1900 —
1901 —
1902 —
1903 —
1904 —
1905 —
1906 —
1907 —
1908 —

“New Orleans Blues”
They Call it The Land Of Dreams.
Lonnie Johnson
w/ Louis Armstrong’s Hot Five (1920s)
((( song )))

Storyville, New Orleans

1909 New Orleans, Louisiana
Prostitution and Jazz. Birth of the Underground. The Sailors’ Crossroads. Caribbean, Haitian, Cuban, Mexico, Mouth of The Mississippi on the Gulf, Central America, South America, as the Spanish had Centuries before.

1910s — New Orleans, StoryvilleLouis Armstrong

“Queen of Spades”
or/ Black Bottom Stomp
Jelly Roll Morton
New Orleans, Louisiana
((( song )))


You’re A Fine Girl.
Looking Glass
((( song )))


“Lazy River”
Louis Armstrong
((( song )))


“On A Little Bamboo Bridge”
Louis Armstrong
((( song )))


“Porgy & Bess” (Overture)
Louis Armstrong & Ella Fitzgerald
Porgy & Bess
((( 1959 )))


Louis Armstrong & Ella Fitzgerald
Porgy & Bess
((( 1959 )))


New Orleans

1880sThe Gilded Age, Railroad Barrons, New York City Skyscrapers, and taking pictures. Kodak No.1
1881Tombstone, Arizona, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. U.S. Congress bans Chinese immigrants from entering the U.S. for ten years. Sitting Bull
1882Orient Express begins running between Paris and Constantinople
George EastmanKodak No 1.
1883George Eastman introduces the Kodak No.1

1903Carl Fisher

Indianapolis Speedway
Lincoln Highway
Mr. Miami Beach
Lincoln Road (Howard Lapidus)
Eden Roc
Collins Avenue
Ocean Drive
Art Deco
Miami Vice
Washington Avenue …

Julia TutlePioneer Woman
Henry Morrison Flagler’s Seductress
Florida’s First Business Woman (Miami)


Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Henry Morrison Flagler (holding hat in circle) greets a crowd upon his arrival on the first train into Key West, Florida, January 22, 1912. Flagler built the Florida East Coast Railway as a way of linking his string of hotels and other properties in Florida, finally stretching the railway across seven miles of open water in into Key West, the southernmost point in the United States.

1912  — Henry M. Flagler was aboard the first Overseas Railroad to arrive in Key West (January 22, 10:43 a.m.). It was as if Flagler had reached his Moon. Since the day his Florida East Coast railroad reached Miami in 1903, he had his explorer’s eye focused on Key West. The southernmost, in a string of small islands stretching in to the Florida Straits, 90 miles north of Hanana, Cuba.

After decades struggling with the tropical environment (Heat/ Hurricanes/ Mosquitos) and the engineering difficulties to build a bridge across the ocean, Henry Morrison Flagler, in 1911, could see the light at the end of the tunnel. His crews were working on the last leg of his East Coast Florida Railroad. Near connecting the last two, southernmost keys running south into the Florida Straits. Key West, just 90 miles north of Cuba was Flagler’s “Moon.”  The impossible dream he had since building his first hotel in St. Augustine, the Ponce de Leon in 1888.

1910sWWI, Model T, Titanic

Progressive Era (1890s–1920s)
The Rich Get Richer (Lochner) Era (1897–1937)
U.S. Occupation of Haiti (1915–1934)
World War I, U.S. involvement (1917–1918)
First Red Scare (1917–1920)

1911 — RMS Titanic, Oreo cookies introduced. Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox. Suffragettes and their supporters parade in New York City. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger and Governor of New Jersey Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft’s base is undercut by the Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finishes second, ahead of Taft. W. C. Handy publishes his “Southern rag” “The Memphis Blues.” The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
The University of Florida publishes the first edition of its student newspaper, The Florida Alligator.

Willy Stöwer

1912 — The Overseas Railroad opens: the first train arrives in Key West, Florida, at 10:43 a.m. with Henry M. Flagler, the railroad’s creator and owner, aboard.
Oreo cookies introduced. RMS Titanic, Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox. Suffragettes and their supporters parade in New York City. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger and Governor of New Jersey Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft’s base is undercut by the Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finishes second, ahead of Taft. W. C. Handy publishes his “Southern rag” “The Memphis Blues.” The Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
1913 — At the University of Florida, Anderson Hall and Peabody Hall are built. Pensacola Naval Air Station, Joe’s Stone Crab, and the Venetian Causeway (Miami-Miami Beach) all open.
— Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) 28th President, Birth Of A Nation (Movie)
1916PROHIBITION: Florida became the only state to elect a Prohibition Party candidate for governor, Sidney J. Catts. One year later, voters mandated statewide prohibition in advance of the Eighteenth Amendment. Race and gender mores also shaped and were shaped by the temperance movement.

1918 — WWI, Mata Hari
1919 — Just Say No.
Prohibition In Florida
Havana, Cuba, Rum Runners, (Bacardi/Cane) Key West, Bahamas, Miami,  Bill McCoy, “The Real McCoy.” Jamaica, Haiti, Puerto Rico …
Ziegfeld Girls were the chorus girls and showgirls from Florenz Ziegfeld‘s theatrical Broadway revue spectaculars known as the Ziegfeld Follies (1907–1931), produced in New York City. The revues were based on the Folies Bergère of Paris.  Erté Fashion. Ziegfeld Girl (1941)

1910 —
1911 —
1912 —
1913 — Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) 28th President, Birth Of A Nation (Movie)
1914 —
1915 —
1916 —
1917 —
1918 — WWI, Mata Hari
1919 — Just Say No. 

Ziegfeld Girls b/ Alfred Cheney Johnston
Art Deco Weekend (Miami Beach Century) Poster b/ dave hogerty

1920s Prohibition
Babe Ruth, Suffragettes, Spirit of St. Louis, 1929 stock market crash.
1920s (FLORIDA) 
1920 Red Scare, Babe Ruth traded to Yankees, The Human Fly climbs the Woolworth building in NYC, January 13 – The New York Times ridicules the American rocket scientist Robert H. Goddard. (Decades later, on July 17, 1969 as the Apollo 11 crew head to the Moon, the Times retracted the editorial.)
Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ACLU, Oahu sugar strike of 1920, Pro Wrestling at Madison Square Garden, The League of Women Voters, Zeta Phi Beta Sorority (Inc.) is founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington D.C., United States Congress refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana, During the 1920 Republican National Convention in Chicago, party leaders gather in a “smoke-filled room” of The Blackstone Hotel to decide their presidential candidate, The U.S. Post Office rules that children may not be sent via parcel post, Cherokee National Forest is established, 1920 Duluth lynchings, Inglewood earthquake, Lynching of Irving and Herman Arthur in Paris, Texas, NFL, Nineteeth Amendment, Women’s Suffrage, The Wall Street bombing: a bomb in a horse wagon explodes in front of the J. P. Morgan Building in New York City, First domestic radio sets come to stores in the U.S. – Westinghouse radio costs $10, Republican U. S. Senator Warren G. Harding defeats Democratic Governor of Ohio James M. Cox in the U.S. presidential election, the first national U.S. election in which women have the right to vote, OCOEE MASSACRE (FLORIDA), Black Cross Nurses, Van Wyck Brooks publishes The Ordeal of Mark Twain, arguing that Twain’s genius was twisted by the conditions and culture of late 19th-century America. This begins a reassessment of Twain, who has been seen hitherto mainly as a humorous entertainer.

1921Tulsa Race Massacre (Juneteenth June 19, 1865)
1923 — The first issue of Time magazine is published. The Rosewood Massacre (Cedar Key), a racially motivated massacre of black people and the destruction of a black town, takes place in Rosewood, Florida. Louis Armstrong makes his first recording, “Chimes Blues”, with King Oliver‘s Creole Jazz Band. The first Yankee Stadium opens its doors in the Bronx, New York City. Riegelmann Boardwalk at Coney Island officially opened. The Ku Klux Klan defies a law requiring publication of its members. Roy and Walt Disney found The Walt Disney Company. The Hollywood Sign is inaugurated in California (originally reading Hollywoodland). Illustrated Daily News first published in Los Angeles by Cornelius Vanderbilt IV. Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes the 30th president of the United States, upon the death of President Warren G. Harding.

Marx Brothers Cocoanuts

At the time “it” was called a “land boom,” in the end it was seen for what it was, a greedy, often criminal buying and selling of Florida.

june 19, 1923 
vol XIII no. 1

1927 — Pan American Airways opens in Key West
1929 — Wall Street goes BUST. Florida goes BOOM!
Selling Swamp Land.

In Florida
1930s  — Hollywood used the Central Florida jungle to make its movies set in Africa. Much of MGM’s “Tarzan” series was shot at Silver Springs and Weeki Wachee. Amelia Earhart departed Miami, embarking on the second leg of her attempt to circumnavigate the globe. Days later, communication was lost, and Earhart was never seen again.
1935WPA Hurricane Monument (Marathon Key)
Ormond Beach, Florida

Speed Quest 
1936Ormond Beach, just north of Daytona was home to one of Henry Morrison Flagler‘s legendary hotels, The Ormond was the Resort he took over and renovated in 1890, before the Palm Beach Royal Poinciana in 1894. Palm Beach was the barrier island Flagler chose to settle. first he burned the natives out of their homes on the beach, and then hired them to build The Breakers Hotel in 1901, and his home (mansion), Whitehall, in 1902.

part of a string that ran down Florida’s East Coast (Railway).  It was there, in the 1930s, where Flagler would entertain friends, drinking Old Fashioned on the veranda, and discussing business. Those friends included his Standard Oil partner, John D. Rockefeller, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, and Thomas Edison. All of whom were keenly interested in the auto racing on Ormond’s, wide, hard-packed, smooth beach was ideal for those whose life-long quest was for speed.

1936 Ormond Beach, just north of Daytona was home to one of Henry Morrison Flagler’s legendary hotels, part of a string that ran down Florida’s East Coast (Railway).  It was there, in the 1930s, where Flagler would entertain friends, drinking Old Fashioned on the veranda, and discussing business. Those friends included his Standard Oil partner, John D. Rockefeller, Henry Ford, Harvey Firestone, and Thomas Edison. All of whom were keenly interested in the auto racing on Ormond’s, wide, hard-packed, smooth beach was ideal for those whose life-long quest was for speed.


1930s  (In Florida) — Hollywood used the Central Florida jungle to shoot many movies set in Africa, most noteably the “Tarzan” series of films, most shot at Weeki Wachee and Silver Springs. Amelia Earhart departs Miami on the second leg of her attempt to circumnavigate to globe, and is never seen again. (The Flying Feminist) 
1937Amelia Earhart departed Miami (June 1)  on what would be her last flight. She and her navigator, Frank Noonan, disappeared somewhere in the South Pacific Ocean, near Japan.

Earnhart was in the middle of an ambitious and perilous attempt to circumnavigate the globe in her Lockheed 10-E Elektra. Throughout the flight, Earhart was not only the pilot, but also a journalist who sent regular dispatches to the Miami Herald for publication in its daily newspaper.


Citizen Cane (1941)

American Gothic b/ Gordon Parks (1942)

“Naked City” b/ WeeGee (1936)

Iwo Jima b/ Joe Rosenthal (1945)


1937Amelia Earhart departed Miami (June 1)  on what would be her last flight. She and her navigator, Frank Noonan, disappeared somewhere in the South Pacific Ocean, near Japan.
Citizen Cane (1941)
His Girl Friday (1940)
1942 — The Summer of ’42
“American Gothic” by Gordon Parks
1944The Longest Day
The Class of ’44
Kelly’s Heroes 

1950sAtomic Age 
Growing Up With Rockets
Contact Early ’60s Surfing Hollow Days

Nancy Yaseco (Growing Up With Rockets)


1959Cuban Revolution

Marlyn Monroe b/ WeeGee

The Right Stuff (1983), Hidden Figures (2016)

1960 — NASA, Cape Canaveral, Original 7 (Mercury) Astronauts, Gemini, Apollo … American Graffiti.
1961 Alan Shepard, Missiles In Cuba
1962 John Glenn, Orbits, Fiery Return.
1963 — Beach Party (Frankie Avalon/Anette Funicello)

1964 Beatles, A Hard Days Night
1967 Summer of Love, San Francisco
1968 Apollo 8, Earthrise, Assassination, Martin Luther King Jr., Robert Kennedy


Apollo 8 commander Frank Borman recalls most fondly the telegraph he received, thanking him, Bill Anders, and Jim Lovell for “Saving 1968.”

In The Beginning, God Created The Heavens and The Earth …

— Apollo 8

Earthrise b/ Bill Anders 

When the Apollo 8 capsule rounded the Dark Side of The Moon, Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders were stunned by the sight of the planet Earth rising above the horizon. After days floating through nothing but the blackness of space, it was the bright blue water that reminded them of life back home.

Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, entered lunar orbit on Christmas Eve, Dec. 24, 1968. That evening, the astronauts–Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot Jim Lovell, and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders–held a live broadcast from lunar orbit, in which they showed pictures of the Earth and moon as seen from their spacecraft. They ended the broadcast with the crew taking turns reading from the book of Genesis.

1969APOLLO 11
“One Small Step for Man, One Small Step for Mankind” VIETNAM

— Buzz Aldrin

That’s One Small Step for Man, One Giant Leap for Mankind.

Neil Armstrong

2023 Where did all the Indepence go?

As a “proud” Alligator alum, it was more than sad to pick up the 2023 NEW STUDENT EDITION, and see featured, the same as 100 years before, another right-wing, white Christian, University of Florida president delivering the so-called “Independent” Florida Alligator’s most important message to its readers, University of Florida students and residents of Gainesville.
This time, arguably worse than in 1912, considering it was Florida Governor Ron (look-on-the-bright-side-of-slavery) DeSantis’ who hand-picked, Donald Trump-supporting, retired at 50, Nebraska Republican Senator, Ben Sasse to lead the University of Florida in the era of Donald Trump.
Where has all the “Independence” gone? I, for one, am hoping, not to the university-led, theocratic, propagandist past.

“Freedom Of Speech”
Above The Law
Pump Up the Volume (Soundtrack)
((( fighting words )))

The list Alligator editor Ron Sachs and his staff inserted into insert that got Alligator editor Ron Sach’s arrested, and in the end earned the right for the Alligator

1971The Alligator vs. UF
Ron Sachs Fought the Law, and the First Amendment Won.
Ron Sachs challenges UF President Stephen C. O’Connell over the publishing of a list of Abortion providers, and after two-years fighting in state and federal courts,  wins The Alligator’s Independence.
Scott Camil  — At UF’s 1971 Homecoming parade, Quakers, Unitarians, and Vietnam Veterans Against War (VVAW), including Scott Camil, used the parade to make an anti-war statement. Dressed as rifle-carrying soldiers, and some carrying a coffin draped in an American flag, and a sign reading “The Impossible Dream — No More War.” People panicked after smoke bombs were ignited and VVAW members pretended to stab civilians (VVAW actors) in the crowd who had packets of fake blood hidden beneath their clothing.

Then they passed out leaflets with their anti-war information and message. It was then (1971) that the Young Democrats of Orange County (Orlando) named Scott Camil their “Person of the Year.” Camil’s selection caused a rift between the Young Democrats and the more conservative Orange County Democratic Committee.
1972Disney Cometh
Jack Jones w/Marianne Rooftop Lounge at Disney’s Contemporary Hotel, Lightning in the distance
1973 — American Graffiti

Independence Day

february 1, 1973
vol. ? no. ?

1974The Watergate
More than just another Washington D.C. hotel.

1975 — All The President’s Men (Movie). When journalism was cool. Almost Famous (2000)

1976 — All The President’s Men (Movie). When journalism was cool. Almost Famous (2000)

When Reporters Were Cool
After Watergate and its Hollywood depiction, All The President’s Men, a generation of aspiring young investigative journalists was born. Many who wound up the world’s best started at the Alligator.


1977Star Wars, Saturday Night Fever
Between The Lines


1978FM, Animal House, (Toga Parties/Road Trips)
1979The China Syndrome,
The Police @ Disney World,
Hip-Hop Happens


dave hogerty

80sSpace Shuttle, MTV
1980 Fame, Empire Strikes Back

Rubik’s Cube, Post-it Note, Far Side, Jimmy Carter, Grain Embargo, USSR, GPS (January 6, 1980), Paul McCartney, Tokyo Arrest, Marijuana, ABSCAM, Pittsburg over Los Angeles (31-19),  Miracle On Ice (Winter Olympics), Voyager 1 (Janus) Saturn Moon, Moscow (Summer) Olympics Boycott, Kramer vs Kramer, All That Jazz, MARIEL BOATLIFT (April 15, 1980), Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Sunshine Skyway Bridge Collapse (May 9, 1980),    Magic Johnson (42 points)  Los Angeles Lakers (123–107) over Philadelphia 76ers, ARTHUR McDUFFIE MIAMI RIOTS (May 17), Mount St. Helens (May 18), Empire Strikes Back, Pac-Man, The Shining (Howard Appledorf), New York Islanders (Stanley Cup), International Court of Justice calls for release of Iranian Hostages, Indianapolis 500, Johnny Rutherford, Vernon Jordan  Shot, Recession Ends, CNN Launched (June 1, 1980), Ted Kennedy v. Jimmy Carter (backseat scuba gear), Nebraska Tornados, 1980 Heatwave, Wimbledon 1980 (Bjorn Borg d. John McEnroe), Jimmy Carter reinstates the draft in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

JULY 16 — RONALD REAGAN NOMINATION, Repblicans end long-standing support for the Equal Rights Amendment, Carter wins renomination, John Anderson (the independent),  1980 Damascus Titan missile explosion, Robert Redford Ordinary People, Janet Cooke, Washington Post, 8-year-0ld heroin addict fabrication, Philadelphia Phillies (4-2) over Kansas City Royals, The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn, (within 77,000 miles of the planet’s cloud-tops and sends the first high resolution images of the world back to scientists on Earth.  MGM Las Vegas fire (Nov 21) and Dallas TV (Who Shot J.R.?), 
John Lennon is shot and killed by Mark David Chapman in front of The Dakota apartment building in New York City.

Iran Iraq War …

dave hogerty

1981 Space Shuttle (STS-1)
1982NO NUKES CONCERT: More than 800,000 showed up in New York City’s Central Park to enjoy the music, and show their support for the anti-nuclear movement., “Faggots Against Killing Men In War.” 


sandy felsenthal

Caped Crusader

A dreary downpour forced Matt Tanoui, a Pennsylvania resident, to seek protection under the United States flag during a “No Nukes” rally last weekend in Washington D.C. The rally was organized by the Coalition for a Non-Nuclear World. More than 200 grass-roots organizations supporting the abolition of nuclear technology were represented.


Under Fire

— dave.

1984Beat Street, KLB “No Sell Out” (Malcolm X), Keith LeBlanc w/Betty Shabazz v. Sugar Hill Records (The Robinsons)
1985 — We Are The World, Live Aid, Artists United Against Apartheid, Farm Aid, MTV (Year In Music), MICK JAGGER
1986Platoon (Oliver Stone)
1987Broadcast News, Wall Street
1988Working Girl, Colors, Living Colour Vivid, Steven Wright and Jerry Seinfeld play Gator Growl (1988).
1989Tack>>Head Friendly As A Hand Grenade


— dave.

1989 Bill Hicks

Living Colour (discography)
Tack>>Head (discography)
Little Axe (discography)

Bernard Fowler (discography)

1990Living Colour Time’s Up 
1991Biscuits  Lollapalooza New Jack City
1993Living Colour Stain
2004 — 
2010 — 

University of Florida
1853  — East Florida Seminary (Ocala)
1861 — East Florida Seminary closes (Civil War)
1866 — East Florida Seminary reopens
1884 — Florida Agriculture College (Lake City)
1905 — Buckman Act restructures higher education in Florida, bringing all six institutions together, as part of UF.
1924 — A number of white women are admitted
1958 — Integration
1985 — Association of  American Universities




When I think back on all the crap I learned in high school …
Paul Simon
((( song )))


Ooo, Josh …

Look at the ball of fire!

A Day In The Life — Ten minutes on Florida’s Space Coast, including watching, with a young family, seeing its first manned launch (the space shuttle Discovery), its fiery launch and rapid ascent, streaking across the mostly clear blue, Florida sky, away from the Cape, on its way to the International Space Station, orbiting 300 miles above, outside the atmosphere of Earth.

A reminder of my mother (who is present this day), fifty years earlier, taking me, my sister, and my brother into our front yard in Cocoa, to watch Alan Shepard become the first American to see outer space.

On this launch day (2005), you’ll hear Grandma Rose shriek excitedly, before loudly calling out to her young grandson,

“Look at the ball of fire Josh. Look at the ball of fire.”

“All Summer Long”
Beach Boys
All Summer Long

((( song )))


Sebastian Inlet — The dividing line between Brevard and Indian River Counties, and known as one of the finest surf spots, not only in Florida, but on the entire east coast of the United States.

State Road 50
“Gods & Monsters”
Bernard Fowler
Friends With Privileges 
((( song )))

“The Road Through Space & Time”
b/ Skot Olsen

Weeki Wachee
Hope Springs Eternal. For thousands of years, pools of crystal clear fresh water have nourished Florida’s interior. With the coming of civilization these natural springs were used as local swimming holes, and later Hollywood movie sets, River Boat ports, Roadside Attractions, and of course, a source of bottled water revenue.





In the video (above) look and listen as you make one of Florida’s most interesting crossings, on State Road 50, from the ancient Weeki Wachee Springs, through phosphorous mines, pine forests, orange groves, ranches for both cattle and horses, into Walt Disney’s Magic Kingdom, at the I-4 Crossroads in Orlando, on to the small town of Christmas, into the wetlands and crossing the St Johns River and its population of Alligators, Airboats, and any number of deer, boar, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, and many other Florida River Creatures.

All this before the last, lonely outpost, the Lone Cabbage Fish Camp  (now a popular, tiki bar-like, patio/wooden deck) burgers, fish, and alligator restaurant.

Final leg of SR-50 sees outskirts of town shack and trailer park neighborhoods before crossing I-95 and into the commercialized city of Titusville. Amidst the car dealerships, Wal-Mart, Target, and all the Applebees, Cracker Barrels, and other big corporate eateries, a few vintage establishments remain. The Waffle House and Southway shopping plaza still stand proudly as you come to the end of the road at US1. Looking across the Indian River toward Merritt Island and Cape Canaveral, the VAB (Vehicle/Vertical Assembly Building) and Complex #39 and the large, steel gantries marking SACRED GROUND — launch pads (A and B), the last spot on Earth touched by the twelve American Astronauts who walked on the Moon, and looked back to see their home, fragile, floating free in the endless blackness of space.

In the Beginning
SR50 — Weeki Wachee, Spring Hill, Homosassa Springs, Sinclair Dinosaur Gas Station, inland Florida swimming hole (as compared to the Venetian Pool in Coral Gables). HEAD EAST — Phosphorous, Pine Forest, Turpentine, Lumber, Paper (stinky pulp), Cattle, Horses, Citrus, Groves give way to Housing Development, Orlando, I-4 Crossroads, Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Colonial Drive, Old Downtown, Goldenrod (then), UCF (now), Walmart, Auto Dealerships, outskirts of (Orlando) town, International Airport, Automotive, Salvage, Bithlo Drag Racing, Moto-X, Roadside Navels, Gator Jerky, Christmas, Jungle Land, Panthers, Gators, Seminole living, St Johns River Crossing, Airboats, Fish Camps, (520-Lone Cabbage, West Cocoa, Spring Baseball, Astros), TITUSVILLE, US1, VAB.  




Patrick Air Force Base, Picnic Tables, 2nd Light, Touch and Gos, Pineda Causeway shortcut, U2 takeoff, F-16s across the Turnpike, Hawk chasing Eagle, Isuzu Trooper (Red) Targeted by a pair of A-10s. After NOT seeing Pink Floyd in a torrential rain at the Tangerine Bowl. On to Gainesville.

Daytona Beach (1957) Thunderbirds Intro 

Cape Canaveral/ Mosquito Lagoon/ Merritt Island/ Indian River/ Cocoa Beach/ Sebastian Inlet …


((( surf )))


Nov 4, 1979 – A group of Islamic militant students stormed the American Embassy in Teheran and held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days, until Jan 20, 1981.


— dave.

An American Flag on the River Road (Rockledge, Florida), after hanging 444 continuous days, the duration of 52 Americans being held hostage in Iran.

The Allman Brothers — Florida’s Jam Band

Jimmy Carter
Trouble With Oil
Hostages In Iran